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新观点英语 第三册 27课 词汇 句型 语法 权威全析全解

发布时间:2021-11-21 浏览:53次
本文摘要:新观点英语 第三册 Lesson 27词汇 句型 语法 权威全析全解Nothing to sell and nothing to buy不卖也不买一、焦点重点词汇用法剖析dignity/ digniti/n.尊严deliberately英[dɪlɪbərɪtlɪ] 美[dɪlɪbərɪtlɪ] ad.居心地consequence英[kɔnsikwəns] 美[kɑnsɪ,kwɛns, -kwəns] n.结果,效果afflict/ əflikt/v.使苦恼,折磨ease/

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新观点英语 第三册 Lesson 27词汇 句型 语法 权威全析全解Nothing to sell and nothing to buy不卖也不买一、焦点重点词汇用法剖析dignity/ digniti/n.尊严deliberately英[dɪ'lɪbərɪtlɪ] 美[dɪ'lɪbərɪtlɪ] ad.居心地consequence英['kɔnsikwəns] 美['kɑnsɪ,kwɛns, -kwəns] n.结果,效果afflict/ ə'flikt/v.使苦恼,折磨ease/ i:z/n.容易contempt英[kən'tempt] 美[kən'tɛmpt] n.蔑视philosopher英[fi'lɔsəfə,fə'lɒsəfə(r)] 美[fɪ'lɑsəfɚ] n.哲学家priest/ pri:st/n.牧师spiritual英['spiritʃuəl] 美['spɪrɪtʃuəl]a.精神上的grudge/ ɡrʌdʒ/v.不愿给,舍不得给surgeon/ 'sə:dʒən/n.外科医生passer-by/ /n.过路人(复数passers-by)envious英['envi:əs] 美['ɛnviəs] a.嫉妒的二、经典句型语法全析全解1. It has been said that everyone lives by selling something. In the light of this statement, teachers live by selling knowledge, philosophers by selling wisdom and priests by selling spiritual comfort.听说每小我私家都靠出售某种工具来维持生活。凭据这种说法,教师靠卖知识为生,哲学家靠卖智慧为生,牧师靠卖精神慰藉为生。

A. 句型语法剖析1. It has been said that everyone lives by selling something. 本句是一个主从复合句,it是形式主语that从句是真正的主语。It is/has been said that...听说.....2. In the light of this statement, teachers live by selling knowledge, philosophers by selling wisdom and priests by selling spiritual comfort.本句虽然很长,但按语法来讲这是一个简朴句第一个简朴句是teachers live by selling knowledge,第二个是philosophers by selling wisdom and 第三个是priests by selling spiritual comfort,这两个简朴句划分省略了与第一个句子相同谓语动词live。

3. In the light of 凭据,相当于according to2. Though it may be possible to measure the value of material goods in terms of money, it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us. 虽然物质产物的价值可以用款项来权衡,但要估算别人为我们为所提供的服务的价值却是极其难题的。A. 句型语法剖析:本句是一个复合句,“Though it may be possible to measure the value of material goods in terms of money”是让步状语从句, 主句是“it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services……” ,“which people perform for us.” 是主句中的定语从句修饰先行词services。

B. 词汇、句型强化拓展:it may be possible to do sth 做某事是可能的it is extremely difficult to do sth 很难做某事in terms of 从……的角度;根据;凭据;用……措词1. What's it going to cost us, not just in terms of money, but in terms of lives? 它将让我们支付什么价格,不仅在钱的方面,而且还在生命方面?2. Our goods compete in terms of product quality, reliability and above all variety. 我们的产物从质量、可靠性、尤其是多样性来看很有竞争力。《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》3. In terms of turnover and price, were certainly not anticipated. 无论从成交量还是价钱来看,他们都是出乎意料的。4. In terms of extra staff—how many will we need? 就分外的员工来说,我们需要几多人?perform sth. for sb. 为某人所提供某;物。如句子中的定语从句可以变为:People perform the services for us.人们为我们提供服务。

3. There are times when we would willingly give everything we possess to save our lives, yet we might grudge paying a surgeon a high fee for offering us precisely this service. 有时,我们为了挽救生命,愿意支付我们所占有的一切。但就在外科医生给我们提供了这种服务后,我们却可能为所支付的昂贵的用度而诉苦。

A. 句型语法剖析There are times when we would willingly give everything we possess to save our lives, yet we might grudge paying a surgeon a high fee for offering us precisely this service.这是一个并列复合句,第一个分句There are times when we would willingly give everything we possess to save our lives是含有两个定语从句的复合句,第一个定语从句when引导定语从句修饰times,第二个是省略that关系代词的定语从句“we possess to save our lives”修饰的先行词是不定代词everything。yet作为连词引导的第二个分句是一个简朴句作让步状语。B. 词汇词法拓展剖析grudge /ɡrʌdʒ/ 委曲做;不情愿地给;吝惜 to do or give sth unwillingly[ grudge + V -ing] 接动名词I grudge having to pay so much tax. 得付这么多的税我很不情愿。[ grudge + N ]He grudges the time he spends travelling to work. 他不情愿上班花这么多时间在路上。

[ grudge +N +N ] 跟双宾语 to think that sb does not deserve to have sth 认为…不应获得You surely don't grudge her her success? 她获得乐成,你没有不以为然吧?grudge n. 积怨;怨恨;嫌隙 grudge against sb, a feeling of anger or dislike towards sb because of sth bad they have done to you in the past1. I bear him no grudge . 我对他不怀任何积怨。2. He has a grudge against the world. 他对社会意存不满。3. I don't hold any grudges now. 我现在没有任何怨恨。

4. He's a man with a grudge. 他是一个心怀怨恨的人。5. Australia beat New Zealand in a grudge match (= a match where there is strong dislike between the teams) . 澳大利亚队在一场势不两立的角逐中打败了新西兰队。paying sb. a high fee for doing.因做了某事而付给某人高额用度4. The conditions of society are such that skills have to be paid for in the same way that goods are paid for at a shop. Everyone has something to sell.社会上的情况就是如此,技术是必须付钱去买的,就像在商店里要花钱买商品一样。人人都有工具可以出售。

5. Tramps seem to be the only exception to this general rule. Beggars almost sell themselves as human beings to arouse the pity of passers-by. 在这条普遍的纪律前面,似乎只有流离汉是个破例,乞丐出售的险些是他本人,以引起过路人的恻隐。词汇词法拓展剖析Tramp n. 流离汉;流离乞丐;极重的脚步声;徒步旅行;(尤指令人疲惫的)远程跋涉;a person with no home or job who travels from place to place, usually asking people in the street for food or moneyexception A. 一般情况以外的人(或事物);破例 a person or thing that is not included in a general statement1. Most of the buildings in the town are modern, but the church is an exception. 城里大多是现代修建,不外教堂是个破例。2. With very few exceptions, private schools get the best exam results. 私立学校的考试结果是最好的,很少有破例情况。3. Nobody had much money at the time and I was no exception . 那时候谁都没有许多钱,我也不破例。

B. exception 规则的破例;破例的事物 a thing that does not follow a ruleGood film is unfortunately the exception rather than the rule (= it is unusual) . 惋惜优秀的影戏作品真是可遇不行求。There are always a lot of exceptions to grammar rules. 语法例则总是有许多破例。漂亮源于支付,青春是用来奋斗的重点: 由exception组成的习习用语IDIOMS1. the exception that proves the rule 反证纪律的破例;足以证明普遍性的破例。Most electronics companies have not done well this year, but ours is the exception that proves the rule. 今年多数电子公司都不景气,而我们公司却是普遍中的破例。

2. make an exception, means to allow sb not to follow the usual rule on one occasion 允许有破例;让…成为破例•Children are not usually allowed in, but I'm prepared to make an exception in this case. 儿童一般不允许入内,不外这次我可以破例。3. take great exception to sth,means to object strongly to sth; to be angry about sth (强烈地)阻挡;生…的气•I take great exception to the fact that you told my wife before you told me. 你还没告诉我就先对我妻子讲了,为此我很是生气。

No one could possibly take exception to his comments. 任何人都不行能对他的意见提出异议。4. with the exception of ,meaning except; not including 除…之外;不包罗…在内All Mo Yan's novels are set in the countryside with the exception of his last. 莫言的小说,除最后一部外,全是以农村为配景的。

5. without exception,being used to emphasize that the statement you are making is always true and everyone or everything is included 一律;无一破例•6. All students without exception must take the English examination. 所有学生都必须到场英语考试,无一破例。6. But real tramps are not beggars. They have nothing to sell and require nothing from others. In seeking independence, they do not sacrifice their human dignity. 但真正的流离并不是乞丐。他们既不出售任何工具,也不需要从别人那儿获得任何工具,在追求独立自由的同时,他们并不牺牲为人的尊严。

词汇词法拓展剖析Tramp n. 流离汉;流离乞丐;极重的脚步声;徒步旅行;(尤指令人疲惫的)远程跋涉;a person with no home or job who travels from place to place, usually asking people in the street for food or money1. We had a long tramp home. 我们是经由远程跋涉回家的。2. He heard the slow, heavy tramp of feet on the stairs. 他听见楼梯上缓慢而极重的脚步声。3. I met a tramp and gave him some money on my way home. 我回家的路上遇到了一个流离汉并给了他一些钱。4. on the tramp 走江湖,跑码头;漂泊着7. A tramp may ask you for money, but he will never ask you to feel sorry for him. He has deliberately chosen to lead the life he leads and is fully aware of the consequences. 游浪汉可能会向你讨钱,但他从来不要你可怜他。

他是居心在选择过那种生活的,并完全清楚以这种方式生活的结果。词汇词法拓展剖析deliberately /dɪˈlɪbərətli/居心;蓄意;故意 done in a way that was planned, not by chance ; intentionally on purpose;不慌不忙地;小心翼翼地;从容不迫地slowly and carefullyShe's been deliberately ignoring him all day. 她居心整天都不理他。He packed up his possessions slowly and deliberately. 他逐步地、小心翼翼地收拾好自己的物品。8. He, may never be sure where the next meal is coming from, but he is free from the thousands of anxieties which afflict other people. 他可能从不知道下顿饭有无着落,但他不像有些人那样被千万桩愁事所折磨。

句型语法剖析:本句是一个由but毗连的并列复合句:前一个分句 主句是He, may never be sure, where the next meal is coming from是表语从句; but 之后是第二个分句,he is free from the thousands of anxieties 是主句,which afflict other people是定语从句修饰的先行词是 anxieties。词汇词法拓展剖析afflict vt. 折磨;使痛苦;使苦恼1. About 5% of the U.S's population will be afflicted with the disease,COVID-19 . 美国人口的5%左右将熏染新冠肺炎这种疾病。

2. Aid will be sent to the afflicted areas. 将向受灾地域提供援助。affliction n. 磨难;苦恼;折磨afflicted vt. 折磨;使痛苦;困扰(afflict 的已往式和已往分词)afflicting v. (使)痛苦;影响;困扰;afflictive adj. 难受的;苦恼的;给人痛苦的9. His few material possession make it possible for him to move from place to place with ease. By having to sleep in the open, he gets far closer to the world of nature than most of us ever do. 他险些没有什么产业,这使他能够轻松自如地在各地奔忙。

由于被迫在露天睡觉,他比我们中许多人都离大自然近得多。词汇词法拓展剖析with ease 熟练地;不艰苦地;容易;轻易;不费劲 lack of difficulty1. He passed the exam with ease . 他轻而易举地通过了考试。2. The ease with which she learns languages is astonishing. 她学习语言之轻松令人惊讶。

3. This computer is popular for its good design and ease of use . 这种盘算机因设计巧妙、简朴易用而广受接待。10. He may hunt, beg, or steal occasionally to keep himself alive; he may even in times of real need, do a little work; but he will never sacrifice his freedom. 为了生存,他可能会去狩猎、乞讨,偶然偷上一两回;确实需要的时候,他甚至可醒目一点儿活,但他决不会牺牲自由。词汇词法拓展剖析in times of 在…的时候;在…的时期1. Everyone is happier in times of plenty. 在富足的岁月里,每小我私家都比力快乐。

2. In times of crisis I know which friends I can turn to. 在危难关头我知道能投靠哪些朋侪。3. Exceptionally, in times of emergency, we may send a team of experts. 紧迫情况下我们可以破例派遣一个专家队。

11. We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as beggars, but how many of us can honestly say that we have not felt a little envious of their simple way of life and their freedom from care? 说起流离汉,我们经常带有轻蔑并把他们与乞丐归为一类。可是,我们中有几多人能够坦率地说我们对流离汉的简朴生活与无忧无虑的境况不感应有些羡慕呢?A. 句型语法剖析本句是一个并列复合句。逗号之前的分句We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as beggars, 是含有并列谓语动词的一个简朴句;逗号之后“but how many of us can honestly say”分句,是一个含有宾语从句“that we have not felt a little envious of their simple way of life and their freedom from care”的复合句。

B. 词汇词法拓展剖析felt a little envious of 感应有些羡慕envious adj. 羡慕的;嫉妒的 (of sb/sth) wanting to be in the same situation as sb else; wanting sth that sb else hasLearn to be truly happy for the success of others, rather than envious. 学会真心地为别人的乐成而感应兴奋,而不是嫉妒。I'm envious of your progress in English. 我羡慕你在英语方面取得的进步。We are so envious of her. 我们都那么羡慕她。

They were envious of his success. 他们忌妒他的乐成。He saw the envious look in the other boy's eyes. 他看到了另一个男孩眼里那羡慕的眼光。


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